Ethnological Sources and Archaeological Studies on Wealth Redistribution, on Social models of “Duty” and of “Possibilities”, in Etruscan and Italic Area Time for Social Sharing versus Time for Production

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M. Martinelli

Abstract

The examination of how prehistoric and Bronze Age Italian societies used time shows how the limited handicraft activities to produce goods for exchange, left much time to the individuals for carrying out other private and/or social activities, that strengthened the sense of the collectivity. In the Final Bronze Age the formation of wider communities led to the abandonment of this socioeconomic scheme; the surplus of goods accumulated by the upper class was socially reemployed in encoded activities, and the “social” time subtracted from collective activities inside the group - now invested in a personal or family economic use - was replaced by the reinvestment of relevant valuable goods, obtained as fruits of this subtracted time: therefore the social cohesion wasn’t anymore achieved with the use of time, but of goods. Some ethnographic comparisons support such reconstruction of the transition from reciprocity to redistribution, i.e. the first two of the three integration forms of the economy. In the full Iron Age, Italy sees the passage to aspects of a market economy, when some new activities destined to the creation of social 

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How to Cite
Martinelli, M. (2022). Ethnological Sources and Archaeological Studies on Wealth Redistribution, on Social models of “Duty” and of “Possibilities”, in Etruscan and Italic Area: Time for Social Sharing versus Time for Production. International Journal of Anthropology, 37(1-2), 13-46. https://doi.org/10.14673/IJA2022121086
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