Preliminary phylogenetics: Hausas, Igbos and Yorubas of Nigeria are closely related, and are externally related to Guinea, but are not closely related to Egypt, Israeli-Jews or Saudi-Arabia

Main Article Content

A. Akinlolu
N. Sule
N. Muhammed
D. Oyedepo
M. Olawole
M. Adejumo
Y. Anigilaje
M. Yusuf
P. Omole
T. Bukoye
T. Olatunji
S. Shodiya

Abstract

The Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo and Fulani are arguably the first to fourth largest ethnic groups of Nigeria respectively. Forensic genotyping of Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) are used in creation of Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) databases and in evaluation of ancestral relationships between ethnic groups. This study computed Alleles Frequencies and phylogenetics of autosomal STRs in Fulanis and Yorubas resident in Ilorin, Kwara State and North-Central of Nigeria, and further compared the results with computed Alleles Frequencies of ethnic groups within and outside Nigeria and Africa. Samples of unrelated 25 Fulani males and 23 Yoruba males whose ethnicity were confirmed by three generations (paternal and maternal) were collected with informed consent. The samples were amplified using SureID®-21G PCR Amplification Kit containing Amelogenin and 20 autosomal STR loci: CSF1PO, D1S1656, D12S11, D12S391, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D2S1338, D3S1358, D5S818, D6S1043, D7S820, D8S1179, FGA, PENTA D, PENTA E, TH01, TPOX and vWA; and genotyped subsequent to capillary electrophoresis. Phylogenetics analyses of Alleles Frequencies suggested that Hausas, Igbos and Yorubas are closely related, and are externally related to Guinea. Furthermore, neither Hausa nor Yoruba ethnic group is closely related to Egypt or Saudi-Arabia, and Igbos are not closely related to Israeli-Jews. 

Article Details

How to Cite
Akinlolu, A., Sule, N., Muhammed, N., Oyedepo , D., Olawole , M., Adejumo , M., Anigilaje , Y., Yusuf, M., Omole, P., Bukoye, T., Olatunji, T., & Shodiya, S. (2021). Preliminary phylogenetics: Hausas, Igbos and Yorubas of Nigeria are closely related, and are externally related to Guinea, but are not closely related to Egypt, Israeli-Jews or Saudi-Arabia. International Journal of Anthropology, 36(3-4), 223-263. https://doi.org/10.14673/IJA2021341083
Section
Articles
Author Biography

A. Akinlolu, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Medical Sciences Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria

Akinlolu A.
Department of Anatomy, 
Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences,
University of Medical Sciences Ondo,
Ondo State, Nigeria.
Email: aadelaja@unimed.edu.ng