Reconstruction of the natural environment of the Western Caspian region in the second half of the Holocene and the adaptation patterns of the ancient population

Main Article Content

Vasilyev S.
T. Puzanova
Vasilyev D.
F. Kurbanova
O. Rudenko
 Borutskaya S.
N. Burova
Lokhova O.

Abstract

The article discusses the possibilities of using various geoarchaeological methods for a burial mound located in the Caspian Lowland. The investigated mound group “Bogomolnye Peski – 1” is a vivid example of a unique monument, since it was originally constructed during the Bronze Age (the first structure) and then completed in the Early Iron Age, and during the Middle Ages, it served as a burial site for nomadic tribes. The reconstruction of the natural environment of the Western Caspian region in the second half of the Holocene, as well as diet composition among the ancient population, are the result of the study of buried soils of different ages under the mound structure, palynological and micromorphological analysis, review of anthropological characteristics of bone remains in the main and inlet burials and analysis of the isotopic composition of bone 

Article Details

How to Cite
Vasilyev, S., Puzanova, T., Vasilyev, D., Kurbanova, F., Rudenko, O.,  Borutskaya, S., Burova, N., & Lokhova , O. (2021). Reconstruction of the natural environment of the Western Caspian region in the second half of the Holocene and the adaptation patterns of the ancient population. International Journal of Anthropology, 36(1-2), 119-137. https://doi.org/10.14673/IJA2021121075
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Articles
Author Biographies

Vasilyev S., Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

Vasilyev S.
Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation
Email: vasbor1@yandex.ru

T. Puzanova, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University,  Russian Federation

Puzanova T.
Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, 
Russian Federation

Vasilyev D., Astrakhan State University, Russian Federation

Vasilyev D.
Astrakhan State University, Russian Federation

F. Kurbanova, Moscow City Department of the Russian Geographical Society, Russian Federation

Kurbanova F.
Moscow City Department of the Russian Geographical Society, Russian Federation

 Borutskaya S., Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Russian Federation

Borutskaya S.
Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Russian Federation

N. Burova, Institute of the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy  of Sciences, Russian Federation

Burova N.
Institute of the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy 
of Sciences, Russian Federation

Lokhova O., Institute of the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

Lokhova O.
Institute of the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation