Francisco Javier Sanchis Sampedro
Universitat Politècnica de València | Universidad Europea de Valencia
Dpto. Expresión Gráfica Arquitectónica
The dome in the broad sense, can be defined as a curved element covering a building or part of it. In classical architecture is usual curved shape that was solved by the geometry of the sphere. At some period in history as Baroque, this was replaced this spherical geometry by the ellipsoid, much more evocative than the last. In the late nineteenth century and during the twentieth century, due to the emergence of new materials, such as rein-forced concrete and structural steel, and the development of new structural systems like tensioned structures and geo-desic domes, and their respective construction processes, there was a reinterpretation of the classical spherical dome. In this article these spaces that reinterpret the classic domes are analyzed in a group of buildings present the XXI century, the City of Arts and Sciences of Valencia, designed by Spanish architects of international prestige and renown. Both of geometric analysis are developed through the project drawings with 2D and 3D diagrams, constructive realization with details and photos of the works, as well as an analysis of the structural behavior from the use of a given geometry in design and what consequences does the use of this geometry used in the construction processes.
Geometry, reinterpretation, domes, analisy, shape